B.Com 1st Year Notes Books & PDF Free Download Hindi To English

B.Com 1st Year Notes Books & PDF Free Download Hindi To English :- Hello friends This Post is very useful for all the Student. In this post you will find B.Com 1st Year Notes PDF Completed Books For Free English to Hindi Download Semester wise Bachelor of Commerce it is under graduation Course that provide your brighter career in this site parultech.com. You will Find All the notes Question Answer Study Material Question Paper Examination Paper Mock Test Papers Sample Model Practice Paper available. Each topic is completely explained in detail in this post. Topic wise chapter wise unit wise explained all the Subject B.Com 1st Year English to Hindi.



हैलों Friends आपका स्वागत हैं आज की हमारी इस पोस्ट पर आज हम ले कर आए है। बी.कोम हिन्दी ओर इंग्लिश के नोट्स Study Material Question Paper Examination Paper, Mock Test Paper, Previous Year Paper सभी आपको Detail में इस पोस्ट पर ही दिया हुआ हैं ये सभी Material हिन्दी ओर इंग्लिश दोनों ही भाषा में दिया हुआ हैं Subject wise सभी नोट्स के लिंक आपको नीचे दिए हुए हैं आप वहां से जाकर आसानी से पढाई कर सकते हैं।

Friends Examination Paper और Previous Year Exam के PDF के लिंग भी आपको नीचे दिए गए हैं आप वहां से जाकर भी पढ सकते हैं या फिर Download भी कर सकते हैं। यहाँ आपको Notes और PDF Free में Provide कराए गए हैं आप Free में PDF Download कर सकते हैं।

हिन्दी और इंग्लिश दोनों के Examination PDF आपको नीचे Table में मिल जाएंगे आप आसानी से जाकर Check कर सकते हैं। अगर आपको Study से सम्बन्धित कोई भी समस्या आ रही हो तो आप हमें Comment करके भी बता सकते हैं। हम कोशिश करेंगे आपको ज्यादा से ज्य़ादा शिक्षा प्रदान कर सकें।

English PDF

B.com 1st Year English

Subject

Question Paper

Mock – I

Mock – II

Mock – III

Business Economics

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Business Communication

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Business Environment

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Business Regulatory Framework

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Business

Statistics

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Financial Accounting

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Hindi PDF

B.com 1st Year Hindi

Subject

Question Paper

Mock – I

Mock – II

Mock – III

Business Economics

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Business Communication

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Business Environment

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Business Regulatory Framework

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Business

Statistics

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Financial Accounting

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Friends इस पोस्ट में आपको सामान्य ज्ञान विष्य से सम्बन्धित सभी जानकारी भी विस्तृत रूप से दी गई हैं। जहाँ से आप बी. एड एन्टरेंस की तैयारी भी आसानी से कर सकते हैं ओर परीक्षा में अच्छे अंक प्राप्त कर सकते हैं। इस पोस्ट में आपको Multiple Choice Questions  के लिंक भी दिए गए हैं। 

Download UP B.Ed Entrance Exam Notes Books PDF In Hindi – Parultech

नीचे B.Com 1st 2nd 3rd Year से सम्बन्धित सभी नोट्स Questions Multiple Choice Questions और बी. एड के सभी नोटस और MCQ के लिंक दिए गए हैं। आप वहा पर जाकर भी आसानी से पढाई कर सकते हैं।


B.Com 1st Year English Notes

Financial Accounting

Unit – I  :-   Meaning and Scope of Accounting :- Need, development and definition of accounting; Bookkeeping and accounting; Persons interested in accounting; Disclosures; Branches of accounting; Objectives of accounting.

Unit – II   :-  Accounting Principles: International accounting standards (only outlines);  Accounting principles;  Accounting standards in India.

Unit – III :-  Accounting Transactions: Accounting cycle; Journal; Rules of debit and credit; Compound journal entry; Opening entry; Relationship between journal and ledger; Rules regarding posting; Trial balance; Sub-division of journal.

Unit- IV  :-  Capital and Revenue: Classification of income;Classification of expenditure;Clasification of receipts.

Unit – V  :-  Final accounts; Manufacturing account; Trading account; Profit & loss account; Balance sheet; Adjustment entries.

Unit – VI  :- Insolvency accounts-Individual & partnership firm.

Unit – VII  :- Branch Accounts: Dependent branch; Debtors system, Stock and debtor system; Final accounts system; Wholesale branch; Independent branch; Foreign branch.

Unit – VIII :-  Hire- Purchase And installment purchase system; Meaning of hire-purchase contract; Legal provision regarding hire-purchase contract; Accounting records for goods of substantial sale values and accounting records for goods of small values; Instalment purchase system; After sales service.

Unit – IX :-  Royalties Account.

Unit – X  :-  Partnership Accounts: Essential characteristics of partnership; Partnership deed; final accounts; Adjustments after closing the accounts; fixed and fluctuating capital;Goodwill;Joint life policy; Change in profit sharing ratio. Reconstitution of a partnership firm – Admission of a partner; Retirement of a partner; Death of a partner; Amalgamation of partnership firms; Dissolution of a partnership firm- Modes of dissolution of a firm; Accounting entries; Insolvency of partners; Sales of firm to a company;Gradual realization of assets and piecemeal distribution.


BCOM 1st Year

Financial Accounting Short Question With Answer

BCOM 1st Year Meaning And Scope Of Accounting Short Question Answer Notes

Accounting Principles BCOM 1st Year Long Question Answer Study Notes

Accounting Transactions BCOM 1st Year Short Question Answer Study Notes

BCOM 1st Year Accounting Transactions And All Entry Question Answer Notes

BCOM 1st Year Capital And Revenue Classification Of Income Study Material Notes

BCOM 1st Year Capital And Revenue Classification Of Receipts Study Material Notes

BCOM 1st Year Final Accounts Manufacturing Account Short Question Answer Notes

BCOM 1st Year Final Accounts Manufacturing Account Long Question Answer Study Material Notes

Insolvency Accounts Individual And Partnership Firm BCOM 1st Year Short Question Answer Study Notes

Insolvency Accounts Individual And Partnership Firm BCOM 1st Year Long Question Answer Notes

BCOM 1st Year Branch Account Short Question Answer Study Material Notes

BCOM 1st Year Hire Purchase And Instalment Purchase System Short Question Answer Study Notes

BCOM 1st Year Hire Purchase And Instalment Purchase System Long Question Answer Study Notes

BCOM 1st Year Royalties Accounts Short Question Answer Study Material Notes

BCOM 1st Year Royalties Accounts Long Question Answer Study Material Notes

BCOM 1st Year Partnership Account Short Question Answer Study Material Notes

BCOM 1st Year Partnership Account Long Question Answer Study Material Notes

BCOM 1st Year Financial Accounting Mock Paper I Short Question Answer

Financial Accounting BCOM 1st Year Mock Paper II Short Question Answer


Business Communication

Unit-1 : Introducing Business Communication:- Basic Forms of communicating; Communication models and processes; Effective communication; Theories of communication; Audience analysis; Principles of effective communication.

Unit-II : Self-development and Communication:- Development of positive personal attitudes; SWOT analysis; Vote’s model of interdependence; Whole communication.

Corporate Communication:- Formal and informal communication networks; Grapevine; Mis-communication (Barriers); Improving communication.

Practices in business communication; Group discussions; Mock interviews; Seminars; Effective listening exercises; Individual and group presentations and reports writing.

Unit-III : Writing Skills:- Planning business messages; Rewriting and editing; The First draft; reconstructing the final draft; Business letters and memo formats; Appearance; Persuasive letters; Sales letters; Collection letters; office memorandum.

Report Writing:- Introduction to a proposal, Short report and formal report;Report preparation.

Oral Presentation:- Principles of oral presentation; Factors affecting presentation; Sales presentation; Training presentation; conducting surveys; Speeches to motivate; Effective presentation skills-

Unit-IV :- Non – Verbal aspects of communicating.

Body Language:- Kinesics, Proxemics, Para language.

Effective Listening:- Principles of effective listening; Factors affecting listening exercises; Oral, written, and video sessions.

Interviewing Skills:- Appearing in interviews; Conducting interviews; Writing resume and letter of application.

Unit-V :- Modern Forms of Communicating:- Fax; E-mail; video conferencing; etc.

International Communication:- Cultural sensitiveness And cultural context; Writing and presenting in International situations; Inter-cultural factors in interactions; Adapting to global business.

B.Com 1st Year Introducing Business Communication Short Question Answers Notes

B.Com 1st Year Introducing Business Communication Long Question Answers Notes

B.Com 1st Year Self Development And Communication Short Question Answers Notes

B.Com 1st Year Self Development And Communication Long Question Answers Notes

B.Com 1st Year Writing Skills Very Short Question Answers Study Notes

B.Com 1st Year Writing Skills Short Question Answers Study Material 2018

B.Com 1st Year Body Language Very Short Questions Answers Study Notes

Body Language Long Question Answer For B.Com 1st Year Study Material Notes

Modern Forms Of Communicating B.Com 1st Year Short Question Answer Study Notes

Modern Forms Of Communicating B.Com 1st Year Long Question Answer Study Notes

BCOM 1st Year Business Communication Mock Test Paper Study Notes


Business Environment Notes :-

Unit I : Indian Business Environment :- Concept, Components, And importance.

Unit- II : Economic Trends (overview) :- Income; Savings and investment; Industry; Trade and balance of payments, Money; Finance; Prices.

Unit-III : Problems of Growth :- Unemployment; Poverty; Regional imbalances; Social injustice; Inflation; Parallel economy; Industrial sickness.

Unit- IV : Role of Government :- Monetary and fiscal policy; Industrial Policy; Industrial licensing, Privatization; Devaluation; Export-Import Policy; Regulation of foreign investment.

Unit-V : The Current Five Year Plan :- Major policies; Resource allocation.

Unit-VI : International Environment :- International trading environment (Overview); Trends in world trade and the problems of developing countries; foreign trade and economic growth; International economic groupings; International economic institutions; GATT, WTO, UNCTAD, World Bank, IMF; GSP; GSTP; Countertrade.

B.Com Ist Year Indian Business Environment Concept Components And Importance Short Questions Answer

B.Com Ist Year Indian Business Environment Concept Components And Importance Question Answer

B.Com Ist Year National Income In India Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year National Income In India Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year Savings And Investments Question Answer Study Notes

B.Com Ist Year Savings And Investments Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year Industrial Growth In India Question Answer Study Notes

B.Com Ist Year Industrial Growth In India Short Question Answer Study Notes

B.Com Ist Year Balance Of Trade And Balance Of Payment Study Notes

B.Com Ist Year Balance Of Trade And Balance Of Payment Short Question Answer

B.Com Ist Year Unemployment Study Notes Question Answer

B.Com Ist Year Unemployment Short Study Notes Question Answer

B.Com Ist Year Poverty Long Short Study Notes Question Answer

B.Com Ist Year Regional Imbalances Long Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year Social Injustice Long Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year Inflation Long Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year Parallel Economy Long Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year Industrial Sickness Long Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year Monetary Policy Long Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year Fiscal Policy Long Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year Industrial Policy In India Long Short Question Answer

B.Com Ist Year Industrial Licensing Policy Long Short Question Answer

B.Com Ist Year Privatisation Long Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year Devaluation Long Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year Export Import Policy Of India Long Short Question Answer

B.Com Ist Year Foreign Investment And Its Regulation Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year Foreign Trade And Economic Growth Question Answer Study Notes

B.Com Ist Year Twelfth Five Year Plan Question Answer Study Notes

B.Com Ist Year World Trade Organisation Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year World Bank Question Answer Study Notes

B.Com Ist Year International Monetary Fund Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year International Monetary Fund Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com 1st Year Business Environment Examination Question Papers 2015

B.Com 1st Year Business Environment Sample Model Practice Question Answers papers


Business Regulatory Framework

B.Com 1st Year Low of Contract Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com 1st Year Low Of Contract 1872 Long Question Answer Notes

B.Com 1st Year Special Contracts Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com 1st Year Special Contracts Long Question Answer Notes

B.Com 1st Year Sale Of Goods Act 1930 Notes

B.Com 1st Year Sale Of Goods Act 1930 Long Question Answer Notes

B.Com 1st Year Negotiable Instrument Act 1881 Short Notes

B.Com 1st Year Negotiable Instrument Act 1881 Long Notes

B.Com 1st Year The Consumer Protection Act 1986 Short Notes

B.Com 1st Year The Consumer Protection Act 1986 Long Notes

B.Com 1st Year Foreign Exchange Management Act 2000 Short Notes

B.Com 1st Year Foreign Exchange Management Act 2000 Long Notes

Mock Test Papers

B.Com 1st Year Business Regulatory Framework Mock Papers Questions

Examination Papers

B.Com 1st Year Business Regulatory Framework Examination Papers 2014

B.Com 1st Year Business Regulatory Framework Examination Papers 2015

B.Com 1st Year Business Regulatory Framework Examination Papers 2016

B.Com 1st Year Business Regulatory Framework Examination Papers 2017


Business Statistics

Unit – l : Introductory : Meaning, Scope, Importance and limitations of statistics. 

Unit – II : Statistical Investigation : Planning of statistical investigation, Census and sampling methods, Collection of primary and secondary data, Statistical errors and approximation, Classification and tabulation of data, Frequency distribution. 

Unit – III : Diagrammatic and Graphic Presentation : One dimensional, Two-dimensional diagram, Histograms, Histogram, Frequency polygon. Frequency curve and give curves, Graphs on natural and semi logarithmic scales, Graphic location of mode, Median and quadrilles. 

Unit – IV : Statistical Average : Arithmetic, Geometric and harmonic means, Mode, Median, Quadrilles and percentiles, Simple and weighted averages, Uses and limitations of different averages. 

Unit – V : Dispersion and Skewness : Range, Quarterly deviation, Mean deviation and their coefficients, Standard deviation, Coefficient of variation, Skewness and its coefficients. 

Unit – VI : Correlation : Karl Pearson’s coefficient of correlation, Probable error and interpretation of coefficient of correlation, Rank Difference method and Concurrent Deviation method.

Unit – VII: Analysis of Time Series : Component of time series, Calculation of secular trend-moving average method and method of least squares. 

Unit – VIII : Index Numbers : Utility of index numbers, Problems in the construction of index numbers, Simple and weighted index number, Base shifting, Fishers ideal index number and tests of reversibility. 

Unit – IX : Indian Statistic : Census price, Agriculture and industrial statistics.

B.Com 1st Year Introductory Short Notes Question Answer

B.Com 1st Year Introductory Long Question Answer Notes

B.Com 1st Year Statistical Investigation Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com 1st Year Statistical Investigation Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com 1st Year Diagrammatic & Graphic Presentation Short Notes

BCom 1st Year Diagrammatic And Graphic Presentation Long Notes

BCom 1st Year Statistical Averaage Short Notes

BCom 1st Year Statistical Averaage Long Notes

BCom 1st Year Dispersion And Skewness Short Notes

BCom 1st Year Dispersion And Skewness Long Notes

BCom 1st Year Correlation Short Question Answer Notes

BCom 1st Year Correlation Long Question Answer Notes

BCom 1st Year Analysis Of Time Series Notes

BCom 1st Year Analysis Of Time Series Long Notes

BCom 1st Year Index Number Short Notes

BCom 1st Year Index Number Long Notes

B.Com 1st Year Indian Statistic Short Notes

B.Com 1st Year Indian Statistic Long Notes

Mock Test Paper

B.Com 1st Year Business Statistics Mock Papers

Examination Papers

B.COM Business Statistics Examination Paper Question With Answer 2014

B.COM Business Statistics Examination Paper Question With Answer 2015

B.COM Business Statistics Examination Paper Question With Answer 2016


Business Economics

Unit – l : Introduction : Basic problems of an economy: Working of price mechanism.

Unit – II : Elasticity of Demand : Concept and measurement of elasticity of demand; Price, income and elasticity’s; Average revenue, marginal revenue, and elasticity of demand; Determinants of elasticity of demand Importance of elasticity of demand.

Unit – III : Production Function : Law of variable proportions; Isoquants : Economic regions and optimum factor combination: Expansion path; Returns to scale; Internal and external economies and diseconomies Ridge lines

Unit – IV : Theory of Costs : Short-run and long-run cost curves-Traditional and modern approaches. 

Unit-V : Market Structures : Market structures and business decisions; Objectives of a business firm.

a : Perfect Competition: Profit maximisation and equilibrium of firm and industry: Short-run and long-run supply curves; Price and output determination. Practical applications.

b : Monopoly: Determination of price under monopoly; Equilibrium of a firm; Comparison between perfect competition and monopoly; Multi-plant monopoly: Price discrimination. Practical applications.

C : Monopolistic Competition: Meaning and characteristics; Price and output determination under monopolistic competition; Product differentiations ; Selling costs; Comparison with perfect competition Excess capacity under monopolistic competition. 

D : Oligopoly : Characteristics, indeterminate pricing and output: Classical models of oligopoly: Price leadership : Collusive oligopoly, Kinked demand curve. 

Unit – VI : Factor Pricing – 1 : Marginal productivity theory and demand for factors; Nature of supply of factor Determination of wage rates under perfect competition and monopoly; Exploitation of labour, Rent-Concept Riparian and modern theories of rent, Quasi-rent. 

Unit – VII : Factor Pricing – ll : Interests-Concept and theories of interest; Profit-Nature, concepts and theories of profit.

B.Com 1st Year Introduction Business Economics Short Notes

B.Com 1st Year Introduction Business Economics Short Notes


 

B.Com 1st Year Hindi Notes

Business Communication

Unit-1 : Introducing Business Communication:- Basic Forms of communicating; Communication models and processes; Effective communication; Theories of communication; Audience analysis; Principles of effective communication.

Unit-II : Self-development and Communication:- Development of positive personal attitudes; SWOT analysis; Vote’s model of interdependence; Whole communication.

Corporate Communication:- Formal and informal communication networks; Grapevine; Mis-communication (Barriers); Improving communication.

Practices in business communication; Group discussions; Mock interviews; Seminars; Effective listening exercises; Individual and group presentations and reports writing.

Unit-III : Writing Skills:- Planning business messages; Rewriting and editing; The First draft; reconstructing the final draft; Business letters and memo formats; Appearance; Persuasive letters; Sales letters; Collection letters; office memorandum.

Report Writing:- Introduction to a proposal, Short report and formal report;Report preparation.

Oral Presentation:- Principles of oral presentation; Factors affecting presentation; Sales presentation; Training presentation; conducting surveys; Speeches to motivate; Effective presentation skills-

Unit-IV :- Non – Verbal aspects of communicating.

Body Language:- Kinesics, Proxemics, Para language.

Effective Listening:- Principles of effective listening; Factors affecting listening exercises; Oral, written, and video sessions.

Interviewing Skills:- Appearing in interviews; Conducting interviews; Writing resume and letter of application.

Unit-V :- Modern Forms of Communicating:- Fax; E-mail; video conferencing; etc.

International Communication:- Cultural sensitiveness And cultural context; Writing and presenting in International situations; Inter-cultural factors in interactions; Adapting to global business.

B.Com 1st Year Business Communication Hindi Short Notes

B.Com 1st Year Business Communication Hindi Long Notes


Business Economics

Unit – l : Introduction : Basic problems of an economy: Working of price mechanism.

Unit – II : Elasticity of Demand : Concept and measurement of elasticity of demand; Price, income and elasticity’s; Average revenue, marginal revenue, and elasticity of demand; Determinants of elasticity of demand Importance of elasticity of demand.

Unit – III : Production Function : Law of variable proportions; Isoquants : Economic regions and optimum factor combination: Expansion path; Returns to scale; Internal and external economies and diseconomies Ridge lines

Unit – IV : Theory of Costs : Short-run and long-run cost curves-Traditional and modern approaches. 

Unit-V : Market Structures : Market structures and business decisions; Objectives of a business firm.

a : Perfect Competition: Profit maximisation and equilibrium of firm and industry: Short-run and long-run supply curves; Price and output determination. Practical applications.

b : Monopoly: Determination of price under monopoly; Equilibrium of a firm; Comparison between perfect competition and monopoly; Multi-plant monopoly: Price discrimination. Practical applications.

C : Monopolistic Competition: Meaning and characteristics; Price and output determination under monopolistic competition; Product differentiations; Selling costs; Comparison with perfect competition Excess capacity under monopolistic competition. 

D : Oligopoly : Characteristics, indeterminate pricing and output: Classical models of oligopoly: Price leadership : Collusive oligopoly, Kinked demand curve. 

Unit – VI : Factor Pricing – 1 : Marginal productivity theory and demand for factors; Nature of supply of factor Determination of wage rates under perfect competition and monopoly; Exploitation of labour, Rent-Concept Riparian and modern theories of rent, Quasi-rent. 

Unit – VII : Factor Pricing – ll : Interests-Concept and theories of interest; Profit-Nature, concepts and theories of profit.


Business Environment

Unit I : Indian Business Environment :- Concept, Components, And importance.

Unit- II : Economic Trends (overview) :- Income; Savings and investment; Industry; Trade and balance of payments, Money; Finance; Prices.

Unit-III : Problems of Growth :- Unemployment; Poverty; Regional imbalances; Social injustice; Inflation; Parallel economy; Industrial sickness.

Unit- IV : Role of Government :- Monetary and fiscal policy; Industrial Policy; Industrial licensing, Privatization; Devaluation; Export-Import Policy; Regulation of foreign investment.

Unit-V : The Current Five Year Plan :- Major policies; Resource allocation.

Unit-VI : International Environment :- International trading environment (Overview); Trends in world trade and the problems of developing countries; foreign trade and economic growth; International economic groupings; International economic institutions; GATT, WTO, UNCTAD, World Bank, IMF; GSP; GSTP; Countertrade.

B.Com 1st Year Business Environment Hindi Short Notes

B.Com 1st Year Business Environment Hindi Long Notes


Financial Accounting

Unit – I  :-   Meaning and Scope of Accounting :- Need, development and definition of accounting; Bookkeeping and accounting; Persons interested in accounting; Disclosures; Branches of accounting; Objectives of accounting.

Unit – II   :-  Accounting Principles: International accounting standards (only outlines);  Accounting principles;  Accounting standards in India.

Unit – III :-  Accounting Transactions: Accounting cycle; Journal; Rules of debit and credit; Compound journal entry; Opening entry; Relationship between journal and ledger; Rules regarding posting; Trial balance; Sub-division of journal.

Unit- IV  :-  Capital and Revenue: Classification of income;Classification of expenditure;Clasification of receipts.

Unit – V  :-  Final accounts; Manufacturing account; Trading account; Profit & loss account; Balance sheet; Adjustment entries.

Unit – VI  :- Insolvency accounts-Individual & partnership firm.

Unit – VII  :- Branch Accounts: Dependent branch; Debtors system, Stock and debtor system; Final accounts system; Wholesale branch; Independent branch; Foreign branch.

Unit – VIII :-  Hire- Purchase And installment purchase system; Meaning of hire-purchase contract; Legal provision regarding hire-purchase contract; Accounting records for goods of substantial sale values and accounting records for goods of small values; Instalment purchase system; After sales service.

Unit – IX :-  Royalties Account.

Unit – X  :-  Partnership Accounts: Essential characteristics of partnership; Partnership deed; final accounts; Adjustments after closing the accounts; fixed and fluctuating capital;Goodwill;Joint life policy; Change in profit sharing ratio. Reconstitution of a partnership firm – Admission of a partner; Retirement of a partner; Death of a partner; Amalgamation of partnership firms; Dissolution of a partnership firm- Modes of dissolution of a firm; Accounting entries; Insolvency of partners; Sales of firm to a company;Gradual realization of assets and piecemeal distribution.

BCom 1st Year Financial Accounting Hindi Short Notes

BCom 1st Year Financial Accounting Hindi Long Notes


Business Regulatory Framework

Uniti : Law of Contract (1872) : Nature of Contract, Classification, Offer and Acceptance, Capacity of Parties to Contract, Free Consent, Consideration, Legality of Object, Agreement Declared Void, Performance of Contract, Discharge of Contract, Remedies for Breach of Contract. 

Unit ll : Special Contracts : Indemnity, Guarantee, Bailment and Pledge, Agency. 

Unit III : Sale of Goods Act (1930) : Formation of Contract of Sales, Goods and their Classification, Price; Conditions and Warranties, Transfer of Property in Goods, Performance of the Contract of Sales. Unpaid Seller and his Rights, Sale by Auction, Hire-purchase Agreement.

Unit IV : Negotiable Instrument Act (1881) : Definition of Negotiable Instruments, Features, Promissory Note, Bill of Exchange and Cheque, Holder and Holder in the Due Course, Crossing of a Cheque, Types of Crossing, Negotiation, Dishonour and Discharge of Negotiable Instrument. 

Unit V : The Consumer Protection Act, (1986) : Salient features, Definition of Consumer, Grievance Redressal Machinery. 

Unit VI : Foreign Exchange Management Act, (2000) : Definitions and Main Provisions.

B.Com 1st Year Business Regulatory Framework Short Notes In Hindi

B.Com 1st Year Business Regulatory Framework Long Notes In Hindi

B.Com 1st Year Business Regulatory Framework Question Paper


Business Statistics

Unit – l : Introductory : Meaning, Scope, Importance and limitations of statistics. 

Unit – II : Statistical Investigation : Planning of statistical investigation, Census and sampling methods, Collection of primary and secondary data, Statistical errors and approximation, Classification and tabulation of data, Frequency distribution. 

Unit – III : Diagrammatic and Graphic Presentation : One dimensional, Two-dimensional diagram, Histograms, Histogram, Frequency polygon. Frequency curve and give curves, Graphs on natural and semi logarithmic scales, Graphic location of mode, Median and quadrilles. 

Unit – IV : Statistical Average : Arithmetic, Geometric and harmonic means, Mode, Median, Quadrilles and percentiles, Simple and weighted averages, Uses and limitations of different averages. 

Unit – V : Dispersion and Skewness : Range, Quarterly deviation, Mean deviation and their coefficients, Standard deviation, Coefficient of variation, Skewness and its coefficients. 

Unit – VI : Correlation : Karl Pearson’s coefficient of correlation, Probable error and interpretation of coefficient of correlation, Rank Difference method and Concurrent Deviation method.

Unit – VII: Analysis of Time Series : Component of time series, Calculation of secular trend-moving average method and method of least squares. 

Unit – VIII : Index Numbers : Utility of index numbers, Problems in the construction of index numbers, Simple and weighted index number, Base shifting, Fishers ideal index number and tests of reversibility. 

Unit – IX : Indian Statistic : Census price, Agriculture and industrial statistics.


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