B.Com 1st 2nd 3rd Year Notes Books English To Hindi Download Free PDF

B.Com 1st 2nd 3rd Year Notes Books English To Hindi Download Free PDF :- This Post has Study Notes Of All Subject of BCOM 1st 2nd 3rd Year Study Material Notes Sample Model Practice Question Answer Mock Test Paper Examination Papers Notes Download Online Free PDF This Post Contains All Subjects Like BCOM First Year Business Economics, Business Regulatory Framework, Business Statistics, Financial Accounting, Business Communication, Business Environment, 2nd Year Public Finance, Fundamentals of Entrepreneurship, Cost Accounting, Income tax, Corporate law, Principal of management, 3rd yearCorporate Accounting, Auditing, Money and financial System, Information Technology and its Application inBusiness, Financial Management, Principle of Marketing, E-Commerce, Economic Laws, Unit Wise Chapter Wise Syllabus B.COM Question Answer Solved Question Answer papers Notes Knowledge Boosters To illuminate The learning.


All Subject Study Material Notes Available


B.Com 1st Year English Notes

Financial Accounting

Unit – I  :-   Meaning and Scope of Accounting :- Need, development and definition of accounting; Bookkeeping and accounting; Persons interested in accounting; Disclosures; Branches of accounting; Objectives of accounting.

Unit – II   :-  Accounting Principles: International accounting standards (only outlines);  Accounting principles;  Accounting standards in India.

Unit – III :-  Accounting Transactions: Accounting cycle; Journal; Rules of debit and credit; Compound journal entry; Opening entry; Relationship between journal and ledger; Rules regarding posting; Trial balance; Sub-division of journal.

Unit- IV  :-  Capital and Revenue: Classification of income;Classification of expenditure;Clasification of receipts.

Unit – V  :-  Final accounts; Manufacturing account; Trading account; Profit & loss account; Balance sheet; Adjustment entries.

Unit – VI  :- Insolvency accounts-Individual & partnership firm.

Unit – VII  :- Branch Accounts: Dependent branch; Debtors system, Stock and debtor system; Final accounts system; Wholesale branch; Independent branch; Foreign branch.

Unit – VIII :-  Hire- Purchase And installment purchase system; Meaning of hire-purchase contract; Legal provision regarding hire-purchase contract; Accounting records for goods of substantial sale values and accounting records for goods of small values; Instalment purchase system; After sales service.

Unit – IX :-  Royalties Account.

Unit – X  :-  Partnership Accounts: Essential characteristics of partnership; Partnership deed; final accounts; Adjustments after closing the accounts; fixed and fluctuating capital;Goodwill;Joint life policy; Change in profit sharing ratio. Reconstitution of a partnership firm – Admission of a partner; Retirement of a partner; Death of a partner; Amalgamation of partnership firms; Dissolution of a partnership firm- Modes of dissolution of a firm; Accounting entries; Insolvency of partners; Sales of firm to a company;Gradual realization of assets and piecemeal distribution.


BCOM 1st Year Financial Accounting

Short Question With Answer

BCOM 1st Year Meaning And Scope Of Accounting Short Question Answer Notes

Accounting Principles BCOM 1st Year Long Question Answer Study Notes

Accounting Transactions BCOM 1st Year Short Question Answer Study Notes

BCOM 1st Year Accounting Transactions And All Entry Question Answer Notes

BCOM 1st Year Capital And Revenue Classification Of Income Study Material Notes

BCOM 1st Year Capital And Revenue Classification Of Receipts Study Material Notes

BCOM 1st Year Final Accounts Manufacturing Account Short Question Answer Notes

BCOM 1st Year Final Accounts Manufacturing Account Long Question Answer Study Material Notes

Insolvency Accounts Individual And Partnership Firm BCOM 1st Year Short Question Answer Study Notes

Insolvency Accounts Individual And Partnership Firm BCOM 1st Year Long Question Answer Notes

BCOM 1st Year Branch Account Short Question Answer Study Material Notes

BCOM 1st Year Hire Purchase And Instalment Purchase System Short Question Answer Study Notes

BCOM 1st Year Hire Purchase And Instalment Purchase System Long Question Answer Study Notes

BCOM 1st Year Royalties Accounts Short Question Answer Study Material Notes

BCOM 1st Year Royalties Accounts Long Question Answer Study Material Notes

BCOM 1st Year Partnership Account Short Question Answer Study Material Notes

BCOM 1st Year Partnership Account Long Question Answer Study Material Notes

BCOM 1st Year Financial Accounting Mock Paper I Short Question Answer

Financial Accounting BCOM 1st Year Mock Paper II Short Question Answer


Business Communication

Unit-1 : Introducing Business Communication:- Basic Forms of communicating; Communication models and processes; Effective communication; Theories of communication; Audience analysis; Principles of effective communication.

Unit-II : Self-development and Communication:- Development of positive personal attitudes; SWOT analysis; Vote’s model of interdependence; Whole communication.

Corporate Communication:- Formal and informal communication networks; Grapevine; Mis-communication (Barriers); Improving communication.

Practices in business communication; Group discussions; Mock interviews; Seminars; Effective listening exercises; Individual and group presentations and reports writing.

Unit-III : Writing Skills:- Planning business messages; Rewriting and editing; The First draft; reconstructing the final draft; Business letters and memo formats; Appearance; Persuasive letters; Sales letters; Collection letters; office memorandum.

Report Writing:- Introduction to a proposal, Short report and formal report;Report preparation.

Oral Presentation:- Principles of oral presentation; Factors affecting presentation; Sales presentation; Training presentation; conducting surveys; Speeches to motivate; Effective presentation skills-

Unit-IV :- Non – Verbal aspects of communicating.

Body Language:- Kinesics, Proxemics, Para language.

Effective Listening:- Principles of effective listening; Factors affecting listening exercises; Oral, written, and video sessions.

Interviewing Skills:- Appearing in interviews; Conducting interviews; Writing resume and letter of application.

Unit-V :- Modern Forms of Communicating:- Fax; E-mail; video conferencing; etc.

International Communication:- Cultural sensitiveness And cultural context; Writing and presenting in International situations; Inter-cultural factors in interactions; Adapting to global business.

B.Com 1st Year Introducing Business Communication Short Question Answers Notes

B.Com 1st Year Introducing Business Communication Long Question Answers Notes

B.Com 1st Year Self Development And Communication Short Question Answers Notes

B.Com 1st Year Self Development And Communication Long Question Answers Notes

B.Com 1st Year Writing Skills Very Short Question Answers Study Notes

B.Com 1st Year Writing Skills Short Question Answers Study Material 2018

B.Com 1st Year Body Language Very Short Questions Answers Study Notes

Body Language Long Question Answer For B.Com 1st Year Study Material Notes

Modern Forms Of Communicating B.Com 1st Year Short Question Answer Study Notes

Modern Forms Of Communicating B.Com 1st Year Long Question Answer Study Notes

BCOM 1st Year Business Communication Mock Test Paper Study Notes


Business Environment Notes :-

Unit I : Indian Business Environment :- Concept, Components, And importance.

Unit- II : Economic Trends (overview) :- Income; Savings and investment; Industry; Trade and balance of payments, Money; Finance; Prices.

Unit-III : Problems of Growth :- Unemployment; Poverty; Regional imbalances; Social injustice; Inflation; Parallel economy; Industrial sickness.

Unit- IV : Role of Government :- Monetary and fiscal policy; Industrial Policy; Industrial licensing, Privatization; Devaluation; Export-Import Policy; Regulation of foreign investment.

Unit-V : The Current Five Year Plan :- Major policies; Resource allocation.

Unit-VI : International Environment :- International trading environment (Overview); Trends in world trade and the problems of developing countries; foreign trade and economic growth; International economic groupings; International economic institutions; GATT, WTO, UNCTAD, World Bank, IMF; GSP; GSTP; Countertrade.

B.Com Ist Year Indian Business Environment Concept Components And Importance Short Questions Answer

B.Com Ist Year Indian Business Environment Concept Components And Importance Question Answer

B.Com Ist Year National Income In India Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year National Income In India Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year Savings And Investments Question Answer Study Notes

B.Com Ist Year Savings And Investments Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year Industrial Growth In India Question Answer Study Notes

B.Com Ist Year Industrial Growth In India Short Question Answer Study Notes

B.Com Ist Year Balance Of Trade And Balance Of Payment Study Notes

B.Com Ist Year Balance Of Trade And Balance Of Payment Short Question Answer

B.Com Ist Year Unemployment Study Notes Question Answer

B.Com Ist Year Unemployment Short Study Notes Question Answer

B.Com Ist Year Poverty Long Short Study Notes Question Answer

B.Com Ist Year Regional Imbalances Long Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year Social Injustice Long Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year Inflation Long Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year Parallel Economy Long Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year Industrial Sickness Long Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year Monetary Policy Long Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year Fiscal Policy Long Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year Industrial Policy In India Long Short Question Answer

B.Com Ist Year Industrial Licensing Policy Long Short Question Answer

B.Com Ist Year Privatisation Long Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year Devaluation Long Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year Export Import Policy Of India Long Short Question Answer

B.Com Ist Year Foreign Investment And Its Regulation Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year Foreign Trade And Economic Growth Question Answer Study Notes

B.Com Ist Year Twelfth Five Year Plan Question Answer Study Notes

B.Com Ist Year World Trade Organisation Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year World Bank Question Answer Study Notes

B.Com Ist Year International Monetary Fund Question Answer Notes

B.Com Ist Year International Monetary Fund Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com 1st Year Business Environment Examination Question Papers 2015

B.Com 1st Year Business Environment Sample Model Practice Question Answers papers


Business Regulatory Framework

B.Com 1st Year Low of Contract Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com 1st Year Low Of Contract 1872 Long Question Answer Notes

B.Com 1st Year Special Contracts Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com 1st Year Special Contracts Long Question Answer Notes

B.Com 1st Year Sale Of Goods Act 1930 Notes

B.Com 1st Year Sale Of Goods Act 1930 Long Question Answer Notes

B.Com 1st Year Negotiable Instrument Act 1881 Short Notes

B.Com 1st Year Negotiable Instrument Act 1881 Long Notes

B.Com 1st Year The Consumer Protection Act 1986 Short Notes

B.Com 1st Year The Consumer Protection Act 1986 Long Notes

B.Com 1st Year Foreign Exchange Management Act 2000 Short Notes

B.Com 1st Year Foreign Exchange Management Act 2000 Long Notes

Mock Test Papers

B.Com 1st Year Business Regulatory Framework Mock Papers Questions

Examination Papers

B.Com 1st Year Business Regulatory Framework Examination Papers 2014

B.Com 1st Year Business Regulatory Framework Examination Papers 2015

B.Com 1st Year Business Regulatory Framework Examination Papers 2016

B.Com 1st Year Business Regulatory Framework Examination Papers 2017


Business Statistics

Unit l : Introductory : Meaning, Scope, Importance and limitations of statistics. 

Unit II : Statistical Investigation : Planning of statistical investigation, Census and sampling methods, Collection of primary and secondary data, Statistical errors and approximation, Classification and tabulation of data, Frequency distribution. 

Unit III : Diagrammatic and Graphic Presentation : One dimensional, Two-dimensional diagram, Histograms, Histogram, Frequency polygon. Frequency curve and give curves, Graphs on natural and semi logarithmic scales, Graphic location of mode, Median and quadrilles. 

Unit IV : Statistical Average : Arithmetic, Geometric and harmonic means, Mode, Median, Quadrilles and percentiles, Simple and weighted averages, Uses and limitations of different averages. 

Unit V : Dispersion and Skewness : Range, Quarterly deviation, Mean deviation and their coefficients, Standard deviation, Coefficient of variation, Skewness and its coefficients. 

Unit VI : Correlation : Karl Pearson’s coefficient of correlation, Probable error and interpretation of coefficient of correlation, Rank Difference method and Concurrent Deviation method.

Unit VII: Analysis of Time Series : Component of time series, Calculation of secular trend-moving average method and method of least squares. 

Unit VIII : Index Numbers : Utility of index numbers, Problems in the construction of index numbers, Simple and weighted index number, Base shifting, Fishers ideal index number and tests of reversibility. 

Unit IX : Indian Statistic : Census price, Agriculture and industrial statistics.

B.Com 1st Year Introductory Short Notes Question Answer

B.Com 1st Year Introductory Long Question Answer Notes

B.Com 1st Year Statistical Investigation Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com 1st Year Statistical Investigation Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com 1st Year Diagrammatic & Graphic Presentation Short Notes

BCom 1st Year Diagrammatic And Graphic Presentation Long Notes

BCom 1st Year Statistical Averaage Short Notes

BCom 1st Year Statistical Averaage Long Notes

BCom 1st Year Dispersion And Skewness Short Notes

BCom 1st Year Dispersion And Skewness Long Notes

BCom 1st Year Correlation Short Question Answer Notes

BCom 1st Year Correlation Long Question Answer Notes

BCom 1st Year Analysis Of Time Series Notes

BCom 1st Year Analysis Of Time Series Long Notes

BCom 1st Year Index Number Short Notes

BCom 1st Year Index Number Long Notes

B.Com 1st Year Indian Statistic Short Notes

B.Com 1st Year Indian Statistic Long Notes

Mock Test Paper

B.Com 1st Year Business Statistics Mock Papers

Examination Papers

B.COM Business Statistics Examination Paper Question With Answer 2014

B.COM Business Statistics Examination Paper Question With Answer 2015

B.COM Business Statistics Examination Paper Question With Answer 2016


Business Economics

Unit l : Introduction : Basic problems of an economy: Working of price mechanism.

Unit II : Elasticity of Demand : Concept and measurement of elasticity of demand; Price, income and elasticity’s; Average revenue, marginal revenue, and elasticity of demand; Determinants of elasticity of demand Importance of elasticity of demand.

Unit III : Production Function : Law of variable proportions; Quadrants : Economic regions and optimum factor combination: Expansion path; Returns to scale; Internal and external economies and dis economies Ridge lines

Unit IV : Theory of Costs : Short-run and long-run cost curves-Traditional and modern approaches. 

Unit-V : Market Structures : Market structures and business decisions; Objectives of a business firm.

a : Perfect Competition: Profit maximization and equilibrium of firm and industry: Short-run and long-run supply curves; Price and output determination. Practical applications.

b : Monopoly: Determination of price under monopoly; Equilibrium of a firm; Comparison between perfect competition and monopoly; Multi-plant monopoly: Price discrimination. Practical applications.

C : Monopolistic Competition: Meaning and characteristics; Price and output determination under monopolistic competition; Product differentiation’s; Selling costs; Comparison with perfect competition Excess capacity under monopolistic competition. 

D : Oligopoly : Characteristics, indeterminate pricing and output: Classical models of oligopoly: Price leadership : Collusive oligopoly, Kinked demand curve. 

Unit VI : Factor Pricing 1 : Marginal productivity theory and demand for factors; Nature of supply of factor Determination of wage rates under perfect competition and monopoly; Exploitation of lab-our, Rent-Concept Riparian and modern theories of rent, Quasi-rent. 

Unit VII : Factor Pricing ll : Interests-Concept and theories of interest; Profit-Nature, concepts and theories of profit.

B.Com 1st Year Introduction Business Economics Short Notes

B.Com 1st Year Introduction Business Economics Short Notes


B.Com 1st Year Hindi Notes

Business Communication

Unit-1 : Introducing Business Communication:- Basic Forms of communicating; Communication models and processes; Effective communication; Theories of communication; Audience analysis; Principles of effective communication.

Unit-II : Self-development and Communication:- Development of positive personal attitudes; SWOT analysis; Vote’s model of interdependence; Whole communication.

Corporate Communication:- Formal and informal communication networks; Grapevine; Mis-communication (Barriers); Improving communication.

Practices in business communication; Group discussions; Mock interviews; Seminars; Effective listening exercises; Individual and group presentations and reports writing.

Unit-III : Writing Skills:- Planning business messages; Rewriting and editing; The First draft; reconstructing the final draft; Business letters and memo formats; Appearance; Persuasive letters; Sales letters; Collection letters; office memorandum.

Report Writing:- Introduction to a proposal, Short report and formal report;Report preparation.

Oral Presentation:- Principles of oral presentation; Factors affecting presentation; Sales presentation; Training presentation; conducting surveys; Speeches to motivate; Effective presentation skills-

Unit-IV :- Non – Verbal aspects of communicating.

Body Language:- Kinetics, Polemics, Para language.

Effective Listening:- Principles of effective listening; Factors affecting listening exercises; Oral, written, and video sessions.

Interviewing Skills:- Appearing in interviews; Conducting interviews; Writing resume and letter of application.

Unit-V :- Modern Forms of Communicating:- Fax; E-mail; video conferencing; etc.

International Communication:- Cultural sensitiveness And cultural context; Writing and presenting in International situations; Inter-cultural factors in interactions; Adapting to global business.

B.Com 1st Year Business Communication Hindi Short Notes

B.Com 1st Year Business Communication Hindi Long Notes


Business Economics

Unit l : Introduction : Basic problems of an economy: Working of price mechanism.

Unit II : Elasticity of Demand : Concept and measurement of elasticity of demand; Price, income and elasticity’s; Average revenue, marginal revenue, and elasticity of demand; Determinants of elasticity of demand Importance of elasticity of demand.

Unit III : Production Function : Law of variable proportions; Isoquants : Economic regions and optimum factor combination: Expansion path; Returns to scale; Internal and external economies and diseconomies Ridge lines

Unit IV : Theory of Costs : Short-run and long-run cost curves-Traditional and modern approaches. 

Unit-V : Market Structures : Market structures and business decisions; Objectives of a business firm.

a : Perfect Competition: Profit maximisation and equilibrium of firm and industry: Short-run and long-run supply curves; Price and output determination. Practical applications.

b : Monopoly: Determination of price under monopoly; Equilibrium of a firm; Comparison between perfect competition and monopoly; Multi-plant monopoly: Price discrimination. Practical applications.

C : Monopolistic Competition: Meaning and characteristics; Price and output determination under monopolistic competition; Product differentiations; Selling costs; Comparison with perfect competition Excess capacity under monopolistic competition. 

D : Oligopoly : Characteristics, indeterminate pricing and output: Classical models of oligopoly: Price leadership : Collusive oligopoly, Kinked demand curve. 

Unit VI : Factor Pricing 1 : Marginal productivity theory and demand for factors; Nature of supply of factor Determination of wage rates under perfect competition and monopoly; Exploitation of labour, Rent-Concept Riparian and modern theories of rent, Quasi-rent. 

Unit VII : Factor Pricing ll : Interests-Concept and theories of interest; Profit-Nature, concepts and theories of profit.


Business Environment

Unit I : Indian Business Environment :- Concept, Components, And importance.

Unit- II : Economic Trends (overview) :- Income; Savings and investment; Industry; Trade and balance of payments, Money; Finance; Prices.

Unit-III : Problems of Growth :- Unemployment; Poverty; Regional imbalances; Social injustice; Inflation; Parallel economy; Industrial sickness.

Unit- IV : Role of Government :- Monetary and fiscal policy; Industrial Policy; Industrial licensing, Privatization; Devaluation; Export-Import Policy; Regulation of foreign investment.

Unit-V : The Current Five Year Plan :- Major policies; Resource allocation.

Unit-VI : International Environment :- International trading environment (Overview); Trends in world trade and the problems of developing countries; foreign trade and economic growth; International economic groupings; International economic institutions; GATT, WTO, UNCTAD, World Bank, IMF; GSP; GSTP; Countertrade.

B.Com 1st Year Business Environment Hindi Short Notes

B.Com 1st Year Business Environment Hindi Long Notes


Financial Accounting

Unit – I  :-   Meaning and Scope of Accounting :- Need, development and definition of accounting; Bookkeeping and accounting; Persons interested in accounting; Disclosures; Branches of accounting; Objectives of accounting.

Unit – II   :-  Accounting Principles: International accounting standards (only outlines);  Accounting principles;  Accounting standards in India.

Unit – III :-  Accounting Transactions: Accounting cycle; Journal; Rules of debit and credit; Compound journal entry; Opening entry; Relationship between journal and ledger; Rules regarding posting; Trial balance; Sub-division of journal.

Unit- IV  :-  Capital and Revenue: Classification of income;Classification of expenditure;Clasification of receipts.

Unit – V  :-  Final accounts; Manufacturing account; Trading account; Profit & loss account; Balance sheet; Adjustment entries.

Unit – VI  :- Insolvency accounts-Individual & partnership firm.

Unit – VII  :- Branch Accounts: Dependent branch; Debtors system, Stock and debtor system; Final accounts system; Wholesale branch; Independent branch; Foreign branch.

Unit – VIII :-  Hire- Purchase And installment purchase system; Meaning of hire-purchase contract; Legal provision regarding hire-purchase contract; Accounting records for goods of substantial sale values and accounting records for goods of small values; Instalment purchase system; After sales service.

Unit – IX :-  Royalties Account.

Unit – X  :-  Partnership Accounts: Essential characteristics of partnership; Partnership deed; final accounts; Adjustments after closing the accounts; fixed and fluctuating capital;Goodwill;Joint life policy; Change in profit sharing ratio. Reconstitution of a partnership firm – Admission of a partner; Retirement of a partner; Death of a partner; Amalgamation of partnership firms; Dissolution of a partnership firm- Modes of dissolution of a firm; Accounting entries; Insolvency of partners; Sales of firm to a company;Gradual realization of assets and piecemeal distribution.

BCom 1st Year Financial Accounting Hindi Short Notes

BCom 1st Year Financial Accounting Hindi Long Notes


Business Regulatory Framework

Unit I : Law of Contract (1872) : Nature of Contract, Classification, Offer and Acceptance, Capacity of Parties to Contract, Free Consent, Consideration, Legality of Object, Agreement Declared Void, Performance of Contract, Discharge of Contract, Remedies for Breach of Contract. 

Unit ll : Special Contracts : Indemnity, Guarantee, Bailment and Pledge, Agency. 

Unit III : Sale of Goods Act (1930) : Formation of Contract of Sales, Goods and their Classification, Price; Conditions and Warranties, Transfer of Property in Goods, Performance of the Contract of Sales. Unpaid Seller and his Rights, Sale by Auction, Hire-purchase Agreement.

Unit IV : Negotiable Instrument Act (1881) : Definition of Negotiable Instruments, Features, Promissory Note, Bill of Exchange and Cheque, Holder and Holder in the Due Course, Crossing of a Cheque, Types of Crossing, Negotiation, Dishonour and Discharge of Negotiable Instrument. 

Unit V : The Consumer Protection Act, (1986) : Salient features, Definition of Consumer, Grievance Redressal Machinery. 

Unit VI : Foreign Exchange Management Act, (2000) : Definitions and Main Provisions.

B.Com 1st Year Business Regulatory Framework Short Notes In Hindi

B.Com 1st Year Business Regulatory Framework Long Notes In Hindi

B.Com 1st Year Business Regulatory Framework Question Paper


Business Statistics

Unit l : Introductory : Meaning, Scope, Importance and limitations of statistics. 

Unit II : Statistical Investigation : Planning of statistical investigation, Census and sampling methods, Collection of primary and secondary data, Statistical errors and approximation, Classification and tabulation of data, Frequency distribution. 

Unit III : Diagrammatic and Graphic Presentation : One dimensional, Two-dimensional diagram, Histograms, Histogram, Frequency polygon. Frequency curve and give curves, Graphs on natural and semi logarithmic scales, Graphic location of mode, Median and quadrilles. 

Unit IV : Statistical Average : Arithmetic, Geometric and harmonic means, Mode, Median, Quadrilles and percentiles, Simple and weighted averages, Uses and limitations of different averages. 

Unit V : Dispersion and Skewness : Range, Quarterly deviation, Mean deviation and their coefficients, Standard deviation, Coefficient of variation, Skewness and its coefficients. 

Unit VI : Correlation : Karl Pearson’s coefficient of correlation, Probable error and interpretation of coefficient of correlation, Rank Difference method and Concurrent Deviation method.

Unit VII: Analysis of Time Series : Component of time series, Calculation of secular trend-moving average method and method of least squares. 

Unit VIII : Index Numbers : Utility of index numbers, Problems in the construction of index numbers, Simple and weighted index number, Base shifting, Fishers ideal index number and tests of reversibility. 

Unit IX : Indian Statistic : Census price, Agriculture and industrial statistics.


B.Com 2nd Year Hindi Notes

(Cost Accounting)

UNIT I : Introduction : Nature and scope of cost accounting, cost concepts and classification, methods and techniques, installation of costing system, concept of cost audit. 

UNIT II :  Accounting for Material : Material control, concept and techniques, pricing of material issues, treatment of material losses. 

UNIT III : Accounting for Labour : Labour cost control procedure, labour turnover, idle time and overtime. Methods of wage payment time and piece rates, incentive schemes.

UNIT IV : Accounting for Overheads : Classification and departmentalization, absorption of overheads, determination of overheads rates, under and over absorption and its treatment. 

UNIT V : Cost Ascertainment : Unit costing, job, batch and contract costing, operating costing, process costing excluding inter-process profits and joint by products.

UNIT VI : Cost Records : Integral and non-integral system, reconciliation of cost and final accounts.

B.Com 2nd Year Cost Accounting Introduction Short Notes

B.Com 2nd Year Cost Accounting Introduction Long Notes

B.Com 2nd Year Accounting For Material Short Notes

B.Com 2nd Year Accounting For Material Long Notes

B.Com 2nd Year Accounting For Labour Short Notes

B.Com 2nd Year Accounting For Labour Long Notes

B.Com 2nd Year Accounting For Overheads Short Notes

B.Com 2nd Year Accounting For Overheads Long Notes

B.Com 2nd Year Cost Ascertainment Short Notes

B.Com 2nd Year Cost Ascertainment Long Notes

B.Com 2nd Year Cost Records Short Question Answer Notes

B.Com 2nd Year Cost Records Long Question Answer Notes

B.Com 2nd Year Cost Accounting Examination Paper 2018 Question Notes


(Public Finance)

Unit I: Meaning and Scope of Public Finance, Public Goods Vs. Private Goods, Principle of Maximum . Social Advantage, Public Budget, Techniques of Budgeting (ZBB, PBB), Deficit Financing. 

Unit II: Public Expenditure : Meaning and Nature, Wagner’s views on increasing state activities, Wisemen-Peacock Hypothesis, Canons and Classification of Public Expenditure, Effects on Production, Distribution and Economic Stability. 

Unit III: Public Revenue : Main Sources of Revenue, Tax Revenue, Direct and Indirect Taxes, Progressive, Proportional and Regressive Taxes, Value Added Tax, The Division of Tax burden, Incidence of a Tax, Effects on Production and Distribution. 

Unit IV: Public Debts : Role and Classification of Public Debts and Methods of their Redemption. 

Unit – V: Indian Public Finance : Financial Federalism under Constitution, Financial Adjustments in India, Finance Commission, Review of Indian Tax System. Budgetary Procedure and Financial Control in India .

B.Com 2nd Year Public Finance Short Notes In Hindi

B.com 2nd Year Meaning And Scope Short Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Public Goods Vs Private Goods Notes

B.Com 2nd Year Deficit Financing short Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Public Expenditure Long Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Public Revenue Long Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Public Debts Long Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Indian Public Finance Long Notes In Hindi


(Fundamentals of Entrepreneurship)

UNIT I : Introduction : The entrepreneur, Definition, Emergence of entrepreneurial class, Theories of entrepreneurship, Role of socio-economic environment, Characteristics of entrepreneur, Leadership, Risk-taking, Decision-making and Business planning. 

UNIT II : Promotion of a venture : Opportunities analysis, External environmental analysis economic, social and technological, competitive factors, legal requirements for establishment of a new unit and raising of funds. Venture capital sources and documentation required. 

UNIT III : Entrepreneurial behaviour : Innovation and entre preneur, Entrepreneurial behaviour and Psycho-Theories, Social responsibility. 

UNIT IV : Entrepreneurial development programmes (EDP) : EDP, their role, relevance and achievements, Role of Government in organizing EDPs critical evaluation. 

UNIT V : Role of Entrepreneur : Role of an entrepreneur in economic growth as an innovator, generation of employment opportunities, complimenting and supplementing economic growth, bringing about social stability and balanced regional development of industries, Role in export promotion and import substitution, forex earnings, and augmenting and meeting local demand.

B.Com 2nd Year Fundamentals Of Entrepreneurship Short Notes

B.Com 2nd Year Promotion Of A Venture Long Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Entrepreneurial Behaviour Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Entrepreneurial Development Programmes Hindi Long Notes


(Income Tax)

UNIT I : Basic Concepts : Income, agricultural income, casual income, assessment year, previous year, gross total income, total income, person. Tax evasion, avoidance tax planning.

UNIT II: Basis of charge : Scope of total income, residence and tax liability, income which does not form part of total income. 

UNIT III: Heads of Income : Salaries, Income from house property, Profit and gains of business or profession including provisions relating to specific business. Capital gains. Income from other sources. 

UNIT IV: Computation of Tax Liability : Computation of total income and tax liability of an individual. Aggregation of income. Set off and carry forward of losses. Deduction from gross total income. 

UNIT V: Tax Management : Tax deduction at source. Advance payment of tax. Assessment procedures.

UNIT VI: Tax Administration :

B.Com 2nd Year Basic Concepts Short Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Basic Concepts Long Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Basis Of Charge Short Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Basis Of Charge Long Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Heads Of Income Short Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Heads Of Income Long Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Computation Of Tax Liability Short Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Computation Of Tax Liability Long Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Tax Management Short Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Tax Management Long Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Tax Administration Short Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Tax Administration Long Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Income Tax Examination Paper 2018


(Principles of Business Management)

UNIT I : Introduction : Concept, nature, process and significance of management. Managerial roles (Mintzberg); an overview of functional areas of management. Development of management thought. Classical and neo-classical systems. Contingency approaches. 

UNIT II : Planning : Concept, process and types. Decision making-concept and process. Bounded rationality. Management by objectives. Corporate planning. Environment analysis and diagnosis, Strategy formulation, 

UNIT III: Organizing : Concept, nature, process and significance. Authority and responsibility relationship. Centralization and decentralization. Departmentalization. Organization structure : forms and contingency factors.

UNIT IV: Motivating and Leading People at Work : Motivation-concept. Theories-Maslow, Hertzberg McGregor and Ouchi. Financial and non-financial incentives. Leadership : Concept and leadership styles, Leadership theories (Tannenbaum and Schmidt), Likert’s System Management. Communication : Nature, process networks and barriers. Effective communication. 

UNIT V: Managerial Control : Concept and process; Effective control system. Techniques of control : traditional and modern. 

UNIT VI: Management of Change : Concept, nature and process of planned change. Resistance to change. Emerging horizons of management in a changing environment.

B.Com 2nd Year Introduction Short Notes In Hindi 

B.Com 2nd Year Introduction Long Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Planning Short Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Planning Long Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Organizing Short Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Organizing Long Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Motivating & Leading People Work Short Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Motivating & Leading People Work Long Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Managerial Control Short Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Managerial Control Long Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Management Of Change Short Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Management Of Change Long Notes In Hindi

B.Com 2nd Year Principles Of Business Management Question Paper


(Corporate Laws)

UNIT : I

Definition of Company, kinds of Companies, Promotion and Incorporation of a Company and its necessary document.

UNIT : II

Company Management and Meetings.

UNIT : III

Winding-up of Companies.

UNIT : IV

Factories Act : Basic Provisions.

UNIT : V

Industrial Disputes Act.

UNIT : VI

Workman Compensation Act.

B.Com 2nd Year Corporate Laws Definition Of Company Hindi Short Notes

B.Com 2nd Year Corporate Laws Definition Of Company Hindi Long Notes

B.Com 2nd Year Company Management And Meetings Short Notes

B.Com 2nd Year Company Management And Meetings Long Notes

B.Com 2nd Year Winding Up Of Companies Short Notes

B.Com 2nd Year Winding Up Of Companies Long Notes

B.Com 2nd Year Factories Act Basic Provisions Short Notes

B.Com 2nd Year Factories Act Basic Provisions Long Notes

B.Com 2nd Year Industrial Disputes Act Short Notes

B.Com 2nd Year Industrial Disputes Act Long Notes Question Answer

B.Com 2nd Year Workman Compensation Act Short Notes Question Answer

B.Com 2nd Year Workman Compensation Act Long Notes

B.Com 2nd Year Corporate Laws Examination Paper 2018


B.Com 3rd Year Hindi Notes

Corporate Accounting

Unit I : Issue of Shares and Debentures : Issue, Forfeiture and re-issue of shares, Redemption of preference shares; Issue and redemption of debentures.

Unit II : Accounting for special issue : Bonus issue, Employee stock option plan, buy back of Shares.

Unit III : Valuation of Goodwill and Shares, Underwriting of Shares.

Unit IV : Final Accounts : As per latest format Prescribed under Companies Act, 2013

Unit V : Consolidated balance sheet of holding companies with one subsidiary only

(Multiple Choice Questions)

  1. B.Com 3rd Year Issue Forfeiture And Re-Issue Of Shares MCQ
  2. B.Com 3rd Year Redemption Of Preference Shares – Corporate Accounting MCQ
  3. B.Com 3rd Year Issue And Redemption Of Debentures – Corporate Accounting MCQ
  4. B.Com 3rd Year Final Accounts Of Joint Stock Companies – Corporate Accounting MCQ
  5. Valuation Of Goodwill B.Com 3rd Year Corporate Accounting – Hindi MCQ
  6. B.Com 3rd Year Valuation Of Shares Corporate Accounting – MCQ
  7. Consolidated Balance Sheet Of Holding Companies B.Com 3rd Year MCQ
  8. Accounting For Special Issue Bonus Issue B.Com 3rd Year MCQ
  9. Underwriting Of Shares And Debentures B.Com 3rd Year MCQ

Study Material Notes

  1. B.Com 3rd Year Issue Forfeiture And Re-Issue Of Shares Notes
  2. B.Com 3rd Year Redemption Of Preference Shares – Corporate Accounting Notes
  3. B.Com 3rd Year Issue And Redemption Of Debentures Notes
  4. B.Com 3rd Year Final Accounts Of Joint Stock Companies – Corporate Accounting Notes
  5. Valuation Of Goodwill B.Com 3rd Year Corporate Accounting – Hindi Notes
  6. B.Com 3rd Year Valuation Of Shares Corporate Accounting – Hindi Notes
  7. Consolidated Balance Sheet Of Holding Companies B.Com 3rd Year Notes
  8. Accounting For Special Issue Bonus Issue B.Com 3rd Year Notes
  9. Underwriting Of Shares And Debentures B.Com 3rd Year Notes

E-Commerce 

Unit I : Introduction : Introduction to Ecommerce and Definition, E-commerce based activities, Goals of E-commerce, Technical components of E-commerce, Functions, Advantages and disadvantages of E-commerce Scope of E-commerce, Electronic commerce Application Frame work of E-commerce, Supply chain Management Electronic commerce and Electronic Business.

Unit II : Planning on-line Business: Nature and dynamics of the internet. Electronic business models: B2B, B2C, C2C, C2B, website Design : Websites as market place E-commerce, Pure online vs. brick and click business; Assessing requirement for an online business desinging developing and deplaying the system.

Unit III : Technology for online-Business: Internet and its Evolution, It Infrastructure, Middleware Domain names, Contents : Text and integrating E-business applications. component of internet information technology structure, Development of internet, Extranet and their Differnence.

Unit IV : Operations of E-commerce: online-payment mechanism; Electronic Payment system; Payment Gateways; Visitors to website ; Tools for promoting websites; Risk management option for e-Payment Systems.

Unit V : Security and legal Aspects of E-commerce: Threats in E-commerce, Security of clients and Service Provider, Cyber Laws-Relevant Provisions of information Technology Act 2000, offences, Secure electronic records and digital signatures Penalties and adjudication.

(Multiple Choice Questions)

  1. B.Com 3rd Year E-Commerce An Introduction MCQ
  2. E-Commerce Framework & Supply Chain Management B.Com 3rd Year MCQ
  3. Planning Online Business & Dynamics Of Internet B.Com 3rd Year MCQ
  4. B.Com 3rd Year Electronic Business Model & Website Design MCQ
  5. Technology For Online Business B.Com 3rd Year E-Commerce MCQ
  6. B.Com 3rd Year Evolution And Impact Of Internet MCQ
  7. B.Com 3rd Year IT Infrastructure Web Domain Name & Web Hosting MCQ
  8. Enterprise Content Management & Extranet B.Com 3rd Year Year Hindi MCQ
  9. E-Commerce B.Com 3rd Year E – Payment System MCQ
  10. E-Commerce – Visitors To Website & Digital Marketing Metrics MCQ
  11. E-Commerce – Tools for Promoting Websites Study MCQ
  12. B.Com 3rd Year Security & Legal Aspects Of E-Commerce MCQ
  13. Cyber Laws and Cyber Offences B.Com 3rd Year E-Commerce MCQ
  14. B.Com Provisions Of Information Technology Act 2000 & Digital Signature MCQ

Study Material Notes

  1. B.Com 3rd Year E-Commerce An Introduction Notes
  2. E-Commerce Framework & Supply Chain Management B.Com 3rd Year Hindi Notes
  3. Planning Online Business & Dynamics of Internet B.Com 3rd Year Notes
  4. B.Com 3rd Year Electronic Business Model & Website Design Notes
  5. Technology For Online Business B.Com 1st Year E-Commerce Notes
  6. B.Com 3rd Year Evolution And Impact Of Internet Notes
  7. B.Com 3rd Year IT Infrastructure Web Domain Name & Web Hosting Notes
  8. Enterprise Content Management & Extranet B.Com 3rd Year Year Hindi Notes
  9. E-Commerce B.Com 3rd Year E – Payment System Notes
  10. E-Commerce – Visitors To Website & Digital Marketing Metrics Notes
  11. E-Commerce – Tools for Promoting Websites Study Notes
  12. B.Com 3rd Year Security & Legal Aspects Of E-Commerce Notes
  13. Cyber Laws and Cyber Offences B.Com 3rd Year E-Commerce Notes
  14. B.Com Provisions Of Information Technology Act 2000 & Digital Signature Notes
  15. Copyright Act – Economic Laws B.Com 3rd Year Notes

Economic Laws

Unit I : Securities Laws : SEBI Act, 1992; Depositories Act. 1996

Unit II : Environmental Laws : The Environment Protection Act, 1986; water (Prevention & control of pollution) Act, 1974, Air (Prevention control of Pollution) Act, 1981; NGT Act, 2010

Unit III : IPR Laws : Trade Market Act, 1999; Patent 1970 The designs Act 2000; Indications of Goods (Registration & Protection) Act, 1999; copy right Act, 1957.

Unit IV : Foreign exchange & Anti-corruption Laws : FEMA 1999; Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002.

Unit V : Industrial Laws : Factories Act 1948 : Industrial Disputes Act, 1947.

(Multiple Choice Questions)

  1. B.Com 3rd Year Securities And Exchange Board Of India Act – 1992 MCQ
  2. Depositories Act – 1996 B.Com 3rd Year In Hindi MCQ
  3. Environmental Laws B.Com 3rd Year Hindi Study Material MCQ
  4. Intellectual Property Rights & Patent Act – Economic Laws B.Com MCQ
  5. Trade Marks Act B.Com 3rd Year Hindi Study Material MCQ
  6. Copyright Act – Economic Laws B.Com 3rd Year MCQ
  7. B.Com 3rd Year The Designs Act – Economic Laws Hindi MCQ
  8. Foreign Exchange Management Act FEMA 1999 – Economic Laws B.Com 3rd Year MCQ
  9. B.Com 3rd Year Prevention Of Money Laundering Act 2002 – MCQ
  10. B.Com 3rd Year Factory Act 1948 – Economic Laws Hindi MCQ
  11. B.Com 3rd Year Industrial Dispute Act 1947 – Economic Laws Hindi MCQ
  12. Economic Laws B.Com 3rd Year Question Paper In Hindi

Study Material Notes

  1. B.Com 3rd Year Securities And Exchange Board Of India Act 1992 Notes
  2. Depositories Act – 1996 B.Com 3rd Year Notes In Hindi
  3. Environmental Laws B.Com 3rd Year Hindi Study Material Notes
  4. Intellectual Property Rights & Patent Act – Economic Laws B.Com 3rd Year Notes
  5. Trade Marks Act B.Com 3rd Year Hindi Study Material Notes
  6. B.Com 3rd Year The Designs Act – Economic Laws Hindi Notes
  7. Foreign Exchange Management Act FEMA 1999 – Economic Laws B.Com 3rd Year Notes
  8. B.Com 3rd Year Prevention Of Money Laundering Act 2002 – Economic Laws Notes
  9. B.Com 3rd Year Factory Act 1948 – Economic Laws Hindi Notes
  10. B.Com 3rd Year Industrial Dispute Act 1947 – Economic Laws Hindi Notes
  11. Economic Laws B.Com 3rd Year Question Paper In Hindi

Auditing

Unit I : Introduction : Meaning and objective of auditing; Types of audit; Audit programe; Audit notebooks; Working Papers and evidences; Consideration for commencing an audit; Routine checking and test checking; Internal check system; Internal audit and Internal Control.

Unit II : Audit Procedure : Vouching; Verification of assets and liabilities.

Unit III : Audit of companies : Company auditor appointment, Powers Duties and Liabilities, Removal of auditor as per provision of the companies Act, 2013

Unit IV : Auditor’s report-clean report and qualified report.

Unit V : Recent trends in auditing : Nature and significance of cost audit; Tax audit, management audit.

(Multiple Choice Questions)

  1. B.Com 3rd Year Auditing Meaning Objectives And Importance Hindi MCQ
  2. B.Com 3rd Year Classification Of Audit Hindi MCQ
  3. B.Com 3rd Year Audit Process Multiple Choice Questions Notes
  4. B.Com 3rd Year Internal Check Internal Audit & Internal Control MCQ
  5. B.Com 3rd Year Audit Procedure Vouching Multiple Choice Questions
  6. B.Com 3rd Year Verification & Valuation of Assets & Liabilities Auditing MCQ
  7. B.Com 3rd Year Depreciation And Reserve Auditing MCQ
  8. B.Com 3rd Year Company Audit MCQ
  9. B.Com 3rd Year Appointment Remuneration Rights And Duties Of An Auditor MCQ
  10. B.Com 3rd Year Liabilities Of An Auditor Multiple Choice Questions
  11. Audit Report B.Com 3rd Year Multiple Choice Questions
  12. B.Com 3rd Year Cost Audit Multiple Choice Questions
  13. Management Audit B.Com 3rd Year Multiple Choice Questions
  14. B.Com 3rd Year Tax Audit Multiple Choice Questions

Study Material Notes

  1. B.Com 3rd Year Auditing Meaning Objectives And Importance Notes
  2. B.Com 3rd Year Classification Of Audit Hindi Notes
  3. B.Com 3rd Year Audit Process Study Material Notes
  4. B.Com 3rd Year Internal Check Internal Audit & Internal Control Notes
  5. B.Com 3rd Year Audit Procedure Vouching Study Material Notes
  6. B.Com 3rd Year Verification & Valuation of Assets & Liabilities Auditing Notes
  7. B.Com 3rd Year Depreciation And Reserve Auditing Notes
  8. Company Audit B.Com 3rd Year Study Material Notes
  9. B.Com 3rd Year Appointment Remuneration Rights And Duties Of An Auditor Notes
  10. B.Com 3rd Year Liabilities Of An Auditor Study Material Notes
  11. Audit Report B.Com 3rd Year Study Material Notes
  12. B.Com 3rd Year Cost Audit Study Material Notes
  13. Management Audit B.Com 3rd Year Study Material Notes
  14. B.Com 3rd Year Tax Audit Study Material Notes

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